Vocabulary Assignments - 9/17/08

This page is to help us with our vocabulary assignments for class. Just look to see which words need answering and pick one to define for everyone. Also put your name next to the word you defined. Just use edit at the bottom of the page.

Vocabulary for 9/17/2008

  • Apostate - Cassaundra R.

Definition - a person who forsakes his religion, cause, party, etc
Etymology - Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin apostata, from Greek apostatēs, from aphistanai, to revolt
Synonyms - turncoat, deserter, renegade
Antonyms - loyalist, adherent

  • Stolid: Janet P (actually using a BOOK dictionary!)

Definition - having or expressing little or no emotion
Etymology - Latin, from "stolidus" (meaning dull or stupid)
Synonyms - unemotional, impassive
Antonyms - emotional, high-strung
(Used in a sentence: "Grandpa remained stolid, despite losing his home and possessions in the flood of '08.")

  • Heterogenous: o

Definition - originating outside the organism; consisting of dissimilar or diverse units
Etymology - Medieval Latin (hetor: mixed; genous: kin)
Synonyms - mixed
Antonyms - autogenous or homogenous

  • Languid: David Terry

Definition - lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow
Etymology - from L. languidus "faint, listless,"; from languere "be weak or faint"
Synonyms - inactive, inert, sluggish
Antonyms - active, energetic, vigorous

  • Alacrity Eric Delich

Definition - Cheerful willingness; eagerness
Etymology - Latin alacrits, from alacer, lively
Synonyms - Briskness, Smartness
Antonyms - apathy, aversion, disinclination, dullness, indifference, reluctance, slowness, unwillingness

  • Pedantic

Definition - Overly concerned with minute details or formalisms esp. in teaching. Too concerned with what are thought to be correct rules and details, eg. in language. Condensending.
Etymology - Pedant (pedagogue) - schoolmaster
-ant = a suffix forming adjectives in French and Latin words "characterized by or serving in the capacity of"
-ic =a suffix forming adjectives from other parts of speech occuring originally in Greek and Latin loanwords. "having some characteristic of"

Synonyms - Didatic, doctrinaire, finicky, plodding, obscure
Antonyms - dilettante, imprecise, informal

  • Dilettante Justin Flammang

Definition - (1) an admirer or lover of the arts (2) a person having a superficial interest in an art or a branch of knowledge
Etymology - Italian, from present participle of dilettare to delight, from Latin dilectare
Synonyms - amatuer, dabbler
Antonyms - profound

  • Quixotic: colin

Definition: adjective

1. excessively romantic: tending to take a romanticized view of life

2. impractical: motivated by an idealism that overlooks practical considerations

3. impulsive: tending to act on impulses

Etymology - [Late 18th century. < Don Quixote, hero of a novel by Miguel de Cervantes]

Synonyms - idealistic, unrealistic, romantic, impractical, impracticable, dreamy

Antonym: down-to-earth

  • Nadir (Jeffrey)

Definition - the lowest point
Etymology - Middle English, from Middle French, from Arabic naḍhīr opposite
Synonyms - bottom
Antonyms - zenith

  • Zenith (David Terry)

Definition - the point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer; highest point or state
Etymology - Arabic samt road, incorrectly read as senit by medieval scribes (cf. Ar samt ar-rās road above (over) one's head
Synonyms - apex, summit
Antonyms -nadir

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